Module 1: Basic Science

This module provides an in-depth overview of the basics of spinal disorders and constructs the base of knowledge for other modules.

Introductory Video by Module Editor Professor Norbert Boos MD

About this module

This module provides an in-depth overview of the basics of spinal disorders and constructs the base of knowledge for other modules. The summary of history of spinal disorders allows understanding of how developments occurred. The knowledge on Spinal Biomechanics and Cell Biology are important in understanding of diseases and treatment strategies in spine surgery. Pathways of Spinal Pain, genetics of spinal disorders and age-related changes are important in every aspect of understanding treatment strategies that are discussed in further modules in more detail. Principles of spinal balance and development of spinal dys-balance are reviewed and summarised. Basic technical concepts of biomechanics of spinal instrumentation, biologics in fusion, and also epidemiological concepts such as predictors of treatment outcome and spinal registries are provided. The pre-operative evaluation of the patient, including history and physical assessment, imaging studies and neurological investigations are summarised. Anaesthesiological aspects before, during and after a spine surgery are described in a very understandable and efficient way.

This Module provides the basic knowledge and concepts of spinal disorders and is the foundation for subsequent Modules.

Learning Objectives

  1. Know the main steps in the history of spinal disorders
  2. Understand principles of spinal biomechanics and biomechanics of spinal instrumentation
  3. Know the concepts of cell biology in spine, and the biology of spinal fusion
  4. Understand spinal balance and dys-balance
  5. Have an overview about the epidemiology of spinal disorders, predictors of treatment outcomes and the function of spine registries
  6. Know the principles of pre-operative assessment of a patient, including spinal imaging and neurological investigations
  7. Understand the concepts of anaesthesiological management of a spine patient before, during and after surgery

Module Structure

This Module consists of 21 online lectures and a Module Examination.

Specific Target Group

  1. Spine Fellows* - In Orthopaedic or Neurosurgical services or independent spine services
  2. Practising spine surgeons - Independent or in Orthopaedic or Neurosurgical services for a potential recertification
  3. Orthopaedic or Neurosurgical residents - Who want to expand their general knowledge
  4. Non-surgical spine specialists - Interested in expanding their spine knowledge
*Spine Fellow - An orthopaedic or neurological trainee at the end of their residency who intends to specialise in spine surgery and to practice as a specialist spine surgeon.

Additional information

 CME Credits: 63 CME credits available
 Main Subject: Basic Science
 Duration: The Module is available for 4 months from attending the first Lecture
 Tuition Language: Online content is in English, Tutorials can be presented in English or the local language
 Fees: Fees advised when enrolment opens
 Ref.ID: 1_boos


Enrolment on the Post-graduate Spine Surgery Education Programme

Mode of Examination:

Each Lecture has a final, multiple choice question (MCQ) online Examination.  

At the completion of all the Module Lectures, a MCQ Module Examination is taken online, during attendance at a Module Tutorial. 

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Register and login to the platform for more information about the course, view overview pages for all 180 Lectures, as well as view pricing information and special offers. You can also activate a Demo Lecture - one full Lecture from our Spine Surgery Education Programme. Complete the Demo Lecture successfully to obtain 3 CME Credits.

International Editorial Board

[1] , , Max Aebi, MD, DHC, FRCSC
das Rückenzentrum Salem-Spital Hirslanden, Bern,
[29] , , Richard Assaker, MD, PhD
CHRU Lille, Hôpital Salengro, Lille
[32] , , Pedro Berjano, MD, PhD
IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Chirurgia Vertebrale II, Milan,
[34] , , Norbert Boos, MD
Prodorso Zentrum für Wirbelsäulenmedizin, Zürich,
[98] , , Bronek Boszczyk, MD
Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Nottingham University Hospitals Trust, Nottingham,
[76] , , Marco Brayda-Bruno, MD
IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Chirurgia Vertebrale III - Scoliosi, Milan,
[65] , , Daniel Chopin, MD
CHRU Lille, Hôpital Salengro, Lille,
[97] , , Marcin Czyz, MD
Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham
[35] , , Mazda Farshad, MD
Uniklinik Balgrist, Zurich,
[27] , , Claudio Lamartina, MD
IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Chirurgia Vertebrale II, Milan,
[161] , , Frank J. Schwab, MD
Hospital for Special Surgery, New York,
[19] , , Alberto Zerbi, MD
IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Diagnostic & Interventional Radiology, Milan,
[31] , , Ahmed Bilal Khalique, MD
Department of Orthopaedics, Foundation University Medical College/Fauji Foundation Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan
[133] , , Carlotta Martini, MD, PhD
IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, GSpine4, Milan, Italy

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